Ninh Thuan province is located at latitude 11°18’- 11°10’ of North and longitude 108°39’-109°14’ of East.
- Adjacent to Khanh Hoa province in the North.
- Adjacent to Binh Thuan province in the South.
- Adjacent to Lam Dong province in the West.
- Beach with the length of 105km in the East.
Ninh Thuan is bordered by 3 mountain sides and 1 sea side. The mountainous area is adjacent to Da Lat in the West; 2 mountain ranges run towards the sea in North and South. “Dry” plain located in middle of the province and coastal area is called as “Far West” of Vietnam. Mountainous areas occupy 63.2% of the total natural area of the province; hill areas occupy15.4% and plain areas occupy 22.4%.
There are many rivers, streams in Ninh Thuan, in which the biggest river is Cái river (Dinh river). If taking into account the sub-basins including Mê Lam, Sắt, Ông, Chá, Lu and Quao river basins, the length of Cái river is 246 km. Besides this river system, there are some other river systems such as Trâu, Quán Thẻ, Bà Râu rivers, etc. with the total length of 184 km.
Total area: 336,308.24 hectare
- Housing: 2,681 hectare
- Agricultural: 60,373 hectare
- Forestry: 157,302 hectare
- Land for specific purposes: 11,518 hectare
- Unspent land: 104,132 hectare
573,925 people (according to the survey on 10th June 2009).
564,129 people (According to the survey on 1st April 2009)
Ninh Thuan province is composed of 1 city and 6 districts:
- Phan Rang-Tháp Chàm city (15 wards and 1 commune)
- Bác Ái (9 communes)
- Ninh Hải (1 town and 7 communes)
- Ninh Phước (1 town and 8 communes)
- Ninh Sơn (1 town and 7 communes)
- Thuận Bắc (6 communes)
- Thuận Nam (8 communes)
There are 64 administration agencies at commune level including 46 communes, 15 wards and 3 towns.
INHABITANT & CULTURE
Ninh Thuan is one of the places where ancient Việt people lived. Many ancient tombs buried with stone and iron tools under Sa Huỳnh civilization 2,500 years ago are found by archaeologists in Nhon Hai commune, Ninh Hai district. Ninh Thuan province also conserves many precious heritages of Chămpa culture including handwriting, folksong and dance, brocade clothes and brocade weaving, architecture and sculpture.
Its natural area is 3,360.1 km²; the estimated population in 2001 about 531,700 people with the population density of 158.2 people/km².
There are 28 ethnic groups in Ninh Thuan; the main groups include Kinh people, Chăm people and Raglai people.
Ninh Thuan is one of the provinces where Chăm and Raglai people live most. According to the population survey on 1/4/1999, there are 57,100 Chăm persons in Ninh Thuan (11.3% of the total population of the province and 43.0% of Chăm people nationwide); 47,600 Raglai persons (9.4% of the total population of the province and 49.1% of Reglai people nationwide).
There are over 20 Chăm villages, in which some villages still keep matriarchy’s customs. Chàm towers in Ninh Thuan, were built from in centuries ago, seems to keep its origin, including Hoà Lai tower group built in 9th century, Poklong Garai tower group built in 13th century and Pôrômê tower group built in 17th century.